In the West Bank, Palestine, water shortage is a dominant problem jeopardizing the sustainability of water resources. The situation has worsened further owing to population growth and associated expansion of agriculture activities imposing a tremendous stress on the limited and uncertain water supplies. The water supply-demand gap is still increasing due to the increasing water demands for different uses, among which domestic and agricultural are the most important. Furthermore, the existing political situation adds another constraint on the availability and accessibility of water resources for Palestinians. For instance, the estimated annual water supply-demand gap for domestic purposes is about 32 million cubic meters. This in turn, has geared up the urgent need to manage the increasing water shortage problem in Palestine. Despite the increasing water shortage, rainwater is being lost in winter due to the lack of water storage infrastructures, and the Palestinians should explore RWH as a viable option. Although Palestinian policy makers are considering RWH as a strategic option to support the overall water resources management in Palestine, they don’t have actual plans for implementation. However, its implementation is promoted by local communities and non-governmental organizations to alleviate temporal and spatial water shortage for domestic and agricultural uses. This knowledge domain aims to encouraging potential stakeholders toward the importance of adopting RWH as a viable strategy to satisfy water needs for domestic and agricultural uses in Palestine. As such, RWH knowledge management will be introduced at different levels to guide the sustainable implementation of proper RWH techniques for the benefit of end users.
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